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The Bunun

The People of the Mountain God
The Bunun are divided into five sub-groups, namely the Isbukun, the Taki banuaz, the Taki vatan, the Taki bakha, and the Taki 
tudu. The Bunun living in the East Rift Valley are mostly of the Isbukun sub-group. They live in Yanping Township and Haiduan Township,
located in Taitung County. The Taki banuaz are the second largest Bunun group in the East
Rift Valley, living in Zhuoxi Township, Hualien County. The Taki vatan are found in Mayuan Village in Wanrong Township and Qimei Settlement in Ruisui Township.
 
Cultural  Features
In Taiwan’s history, the Bunun greatly predate other ethnic groups. The culture that they have developed is still a forest culture permeated with “forest wisdom”, and with forest-nature as its core. Natural sounds, natural smells, natural colors, result in the creation of daily utensils that reflect their original style and avoid the carving of ornaments and designs. Their musical expression involves eight-part harmony group singing, and their “Prayer Song for the Millet Harvest” (Pasibutbut) is world-famous. The “Ear Shooting Ritual” is the most important yearly celebration of the Bunun. Every year, after the spring plowing, the natural sounds of harmony can be heard echoing through the East Rift Valley, allowing one to experience the Bunun people along with their enthusiasm, optimism, and trust in nature. 
Religious Beliefs
The life progressions of the Bunun are recorded in their ceremonies. Everyday matters, important life events, and every kind of major activity – these are all closely intertwined with “ceremony”. As such, their lives are based on calendrical ceremonies and life ceremonies that are carried out strictly according to sequence and time. These ceremonies, and the meanings that they represent, result in the Bunun living a life based on life’s rhythms. They have an optimistic acceptance of their destiny, living according to the pulses of life.
The Bunun
Many Bunun today are Protestants and Catholics, resulting in a new consciousness.


Festivals
The Bunun subsist mainly on farming and hunting. Their main staple is millet, which has the special ability to grow in extremes of cold and heat, and easily adapts to harsh environments. Consequently, many Bunun ceremonies are related to grain production. 

The main festivals include the Land-Cultivation Festival, the Stone-Throwing Festival, the Hoeing Festival, the Hoeing-Completion Festival, the Bird-Dispersion Festival, the Harvest Festival, and the Grain-Gathering Festival. The Bunun divide the year into 12 months according to the phases of the moon, and carve these months onto the famous wooden Bunun calendar.

Of the Bunun rituals related to grain-production, the “Prayer Song for the Millet Harvest” (Pasibutbut) is especially representative. The Bunun believe that their performance quality will directly influence the harvest. Thus, throughout the performance of this song, the singers must maintain a solemn and reverent attitude.

The Bunun

East Rift Valley National Scenic Area Administration, Tourism Bureau, MOTC, All rights reserved
Office Address: No.168, Sec. 2, Xinghe Rd., Ruisui Township, Hualien County 978, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Office map (Open the new window) Tel:886-3-887-5306, Fax:886-3-887-5358
Liyu Lake Service Station Address: No. 100, Huantan Road, Chinan Village, Shoufeng Township, Hualien County 97445, Taiwan (R.O.C.)  Tel:886-3-8641691, Fax:886-3-8641703
Luoshan Service Station Address: No. 39, Neighborhood 9, Luoshan Village, Fuli Township, Hualien County 98342, Taiwan (R.O.C.)  Tel:886-3-8821725 Fax:886-3-8821464
Luye Service Station Address: No. 49, Guntai Road, Yongan Village, Luye Township, Taitung County 95541, Taiwan (R.O.C.)  Tel:886-8-9551637, Fax:886-8-9551466
Office Hours: 08:30~17:30      Toll-Free Travel Number:886-800-000115
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