The beautifully named "Maliyun" is located to the south of Ruisui Pasture, and is a small settlement of a few hundred persons. This settlement has the most concentrated population of "Sakizaya People", who were only recently recognized by the Executive Yuan to be a separate indigenous people group in January of 2007.
The Sakizaya people, who disappeared from history for over one hundred years, were originally distributed over the Qilai (Hualien) Plain. By the 17th century, when the Spanish and Dutch occupied Taiwan, the Sakizaya peoples had already appeared in the annals of that time. When the Qing Dynasty took over control of Taiwan, the Kavalan people living in the area united with the Sakizaya to oppose the Qing army, resulting in the Karewan Event with many casualties ensuing. In order to avoid punishment from the Qing army, and due to the fear of complete extermination, the Sakizaya scattered and hid in all directions. Some took refuge in Ami villages, where they concealed their identity. Even during the Japanese occupation, the Sakizaya, still under the influence of the past, were afraid to admit their identity. As a result, when the Japanese government undertook ethnic-identification work, the Sakizaya were classified as part of the Ami people.
The Sakizaya language and Ami language have a 60% difference, and are two separate languages. Their culture, including their songs, dances, traditional art, ceremonies and customs, all maintain a uniqueness that is different from the Ami people. In recent years, through the influence of ethnic research, and through the Thao, Kavalan, and Truku Aborigines successfully gaining recognition, the Sakizaya people, under the direction of several leaders, have sought to trace their history and culture, and have promoted recognition as a separate group. From the Japanese occupation to the Nationalist Government era, the Sakizaya people experienced over one hundred years of "namelessness". Finally, this year (2007), the Sakizaya were no longer classified as Ami, and successfully won recognition as a separate group, becoming Taiwan's 13th Aboriginal tribe.
Currently, the Sakizaya live in three main villages in the Hualien area, including Guofu Settlement in Hualien City, Maliyun Settlement in Ruisui Township, and Shuilian Settlement in Shoufeng Township. The Sakizaya people are estimated to have a population of over 10,000 throughout the island.
Address:Wuhe Vil., Ruisui Township, Hualien County , Taiwan (R.O.C.)(Take the road on the west side at 273.9K, Provincial Highway No.9)